In Uzbekistan, China is primarily developing cooperation in the transportation of gas and the creation of joint enterprises with a large share of intellectual property.  Although the share of hydrocarbon resources from Uzbekistan to China is not large (2.4 billion cubic meters in 2014), the country plays an important role in the transit of gas from Turkmenistan. In addition to the existing gas pipeline through Kazakhstan, there are plans to build a new section with a length of 210 kilometers of the Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Tajikistan-Kyrgyzstan-China gas pipeline. From the perspective of transporting gas, CNPC is not just an importer into China, but also an important regional and local distributor of gas in Central Asia.

However, determining the overall size and level of influence of Chinese investment Uzbekistan is difficult because of the repression of independent media and NGOs in both countries.